For the second time after the 1994 genocide against the Tutsi, Rwandans have elected a new Constitution based on the 2003 Constitution as amended to date. In general, the Constitutional Referendum elections prepared based on people’s demand were conducted on 18/12/2015 in calm, secure, free and fair mood. Automatic word wrap
Civil Society organizations have among their roles and responsibilities to act as advocates of the people in development agendas that affect the lives of the population, and promote democratic values and principles. In this regard, the Civil Society Platform in conjunction with its members and structures have deployed 473 short-term Observers, 30 Long-Term Observers, and 12 Core-Team members (515 observers in total) in order to carry out electoral observation countrywide, present in 303 sectors and 398 polling stations. The civil society observers conducted their electoral observation activities in a professional manner based on instruction as issued by the National Electoral Commission and International Standards on democratic elections.Automatic word wrap
This constitutional referendum was conducted on 17/12/2015 for Rwandans living in Diaspora, and on 18/12/2015 for Rwandans living in Rwanda based on the 04/06/2003 Constitution modifications as were demanded by more than 3.7 million of Rwandans and received by the Parliament of Rwanda. This referendum is also organized based and in line with the electoral law n027/2010 of 19/06/2010 and amended to date, and the Presidential Order n0112/01 of 09/12/2015 that determines the date and the object of the Referendum, as well as the National Electoral Commission’s Instructions on election n0 04/2015 of 10/12/2015 that provide the proceedings of the 2015 constitutional referendum. Automatic word wrap
In general, the following are the broad picture of what civil society observes came up with:Automatic word wrap
• The constitutional referendum election started on time, the turn up was high, and in general the closure was on time as provided for by the law and instructions;Automatic word wrap
• Elections were conducted in a calm atmosphere, were seed to generally free and fair, and security was ensured;Automatic word wrap
• The staff of the National Electoral Commission were supportive and carrying out their duties professionally during the elections;Automatic word wrap
• Electoral materials were provided to the polling station on time;Automatic word wrap
• The polling rooms provided enough security for voters to elect in independence;Automatic word wrap
• Other observers were present on various sites (international and local observers);Automatic word wrap
• Media freedom was ensured;Automatic word wrap
• Civil society observers were facilitated to carry out their mission as observer, by getting appropriate accreditations, and observing electoral processes on sites;Automatic word wrap
While commending the how the constitutional referendum elections were well prepared and organized on the ground in general, some issues are worth mentioning here as observed in some polling stations:Automatic word wrap
• Some National Electoral Commission Staff refused sharing some key data with our observers( kibungo sector, etc);Automatic word wrap
• Some civil society observers were not allowed entry to some of the consolidation rooms (Nyanza, Huye- Ngoma Ecole autonome, sector of Tumba-site Kibondo, Ruhango);Automatic word wrap
• Some electoral matierials were either not sufficient or came late to the site (Nyanza-busasamana-kavumu site, Kicukiro- site EP Kinunga: Site of St Andre, site ya kamuhanga, cyahafi, etc);Automatic word wrap
• The time for preparation of the constitutional referendum was not sufficient for civil society organizations to be well prepared for observatory activities. Automatic word wrap
These issues presented here are minor that can be improved in future, compared to the way the constitutional referendum elections were prepared and conducted in a professional way. So, as civil society organizations in Rwanda, we find that the constitutional referendum elections were free and fair, and commend the efforts by the Parliament and the Government of Rwanda to respond to the People’s demands in this regard. Automatic word wrap
Done at Kigali, on 19/12/2015

Munyamaliza EdouardAutomatic word wrap
Chief Observer, on behalf ofAutomatic word wrap
The Civil Society Electoral Observation Mission (CSEOM)


Copyright © 2022. Rwanda Civil Society Platform. All Rights Reserved.